How sleep quality is affected by snoring

in Sleep Research and Insights

HOW SLEEP QUALITY IS AFFECTED BY SNORING 

Fellow research review of- "Snoring" research conducted by Richard J. Schwab. 

HOW SLEEP QUALITY IS AFFECTED BY SNORING 

HIGHLIGHTS: 

  • The research work was aimed at addressing issues and complaints as regards snoring. Most complaints focused on the inability to deal with a snoring partner, roommate or neighbour. Our team of medical experts took it upon themselves to find the medical relevance of snoring with sleep. From the study conducted on different adults; they noticed that about 57% of men and 40% of women snore heavily at night or while sleeping. The intensity of snoring varies with age and activities. Further research and study proved that most of them have health-related issues, hence causing them to snore. The prevalent health-related issues are mostly due to respiratory difficulty- breathing and inhalation.   

  • Difficulty in breathing causes an individual to snore while sleeping. The introduction of the myAir app is a special intervention designed to ease breathing. Difficulty in breathing can be caused by strenuous activities, routines and inadequate rest. All these factors contribute to snoring. Snoring is a disorder that has led to many issues between snorers and their peers or partners; hence the need for a modern intervention- the myAir app. The primary goal of the app is to monitor the stressor level of the body. More so, the app suggests ways by which each user can ease themselves off certain pressures and depression. A troubled and disturbed mind will no doubt have interrupted sleep and snore heavily. 

  • Further study on the patients- done by using a questionnaire has helped us achieved our goal. From the patients studied, most of them have little time for rest. Most of their activities during the day involved heavy operations that consume energy. Also, we noticed in some that their mental health is been disturbed, hence leading to depression and anxiety in them. With the aid of these data collated, we implemented medical guides to daily activities in the myAir app. The role of the app in ensuring a sound sleep in every user was highly appreciated by the patients. The app was used by some of the patients that snore heavily; they attested to the importance of the app as it has helped them develop a better routine. Also, they enjoy a better sleep quality than before; props to the myAir app. 

RESULTS

A large population of people with different age groups, occupations and gender were medically examined and questioned. We noticed that the snoring effect was prevalent in groups >50 years old. Also, 57% of men and 40% of women suffer from snoring. Snoring differs in individuals concerning their activities. Snoring is more distressing to partners or those close to the snorer; not often does the snoring affect the snorer externally but internally, it poses a great threat to their sleep and health.  The threat includes- headaches, gasping during sleep, and disturbed sleep. All these threats and symptoms were prevalent in some cases studied but later suppressed with the use of the myAir app.  

INTRODUCTION TO THE RESEARCH 

The basis of the research is to enumerate the causes and effects of snoring. Snoring is a raspy noise produced in the nasopharynx during sleep. Snoring is caused as a result of airflow-induced flutter of soft tissues of the nasopharynx- especially the soft palate. Snoring only happens when the body is at rest; when the body- the individual is active, he/she does not snore. 

The science behind the absence of snoring while awake is that-sleep induced muscular relaxation affects snoring. The sleep-induced muscular relaxation effect snoring due to the presence of muscle tone as part of the flutter. The muscle tone changes in the flutter during sleep, hence snoring. 

In addition, the action of the pharyngeal dilators cannot keep the airway open. In response to the negative pressure induced by inspiration-the upper airway narrows. This action increases the rate of inspiration; which also promotes the flutter. Furthermore, this is the general science behind snoring. 

However, individuals with compromised health issues like- obesity, enlarged soft palate, tissue sweating-Rhinitis, and Nasal septal deviation are most likely to snore while sleeping. Most importantly, the major cause of snoring is sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder that is caused by obstruction of the respiratory organ- nose while sleeping. 

Any obstruction that affects breathing while sleeping causes sleep apnea. Sleep apnea has been discovered to be the major cause of most health complications like- hypertension, stroke, diabetes and cardiac arrest. The effects of sleep apnea on an individual can be easily suppressed by the myAir app. 

The myAir app suggests and implements therapeutic measures to reduce obstruction in the respiratory pathway nostrils. Depending on the severity of the condition and activity of the individual, sleep apnea can be either obstructive or central. These types vary accordingly and can be treated medically without extra expenses. 

In obstructive sleep apnea, the breathing pathways are completely or partially blocked. Hence causing difficulty in breathing which is noticeable with a loud gasp or snore while sleeping. Central sleep apnea is the inability of the brain to signals to the muscles to regulate breathing. 

Considering the rate at which people suffer from sleep apnea and snore loudly while sleeping; the myAir innovation became relevant again. The app- implemented with strategic and therapeutic procedures to aid proper sleep patterns. The app also ensures that all major causes of sleep apnea- heart disorders are well monitored to follow medical measures to prevent sleep disorders.  

SIGNIFICANT EFFECT OF SLEEP APNEA ON SLEEP 

As examined by our medical experts on the individuals for research, snoring is a natural effect evident in sleep apnea. Predominantly, it is common irrespective of age or gender; but more prevalent in overworking adults and individuals. The significant effect involves obstructive sleep apnea, disturbance of sleep and airflow. 

Sleep apnea, a common type, is obstructive sleep apnea. People suffering from obstructive sleep apnea have series of disturbances during sleep. Clinically, patients suffer from daytime sleepiness and unrefreshing sleep and fatigue. This is due to the overactivity of the respiratory tract while sleeping. 

In place of normal breathing process- inhalation and exhalation, the patients experience loud snoring and obstruction in their pathway. No doubt, sleep apnea is the major cause of snoring. Relatively, the significant effect of sleep apnea on sleep cannot be underestimated. Aside from the general effect evident in snoring, it poses other health threats to the body. 

Considering snoring has a general effect on sleep apnea. Snoring subjects the body to medical disorders like- hypertension, stroke, diabetes and heart disorders. These disorders are common in individuals of older age (50 years above), and those suffering from obesity. Obesity-as a medical disorder subjects the body to series of other health complications. 

Excessive consumption of alcohol or sedatives also causes sleep apnea. Props to our research, we discovered a relevance of alcohol intake to sleep apnea and sleep. Excessive consumption of alcohol alone affects sleep. This is due to the effect of alcohol on brain metabolism and stressors. 

Consequently, most individuals use alcohol to stimulate sleep. This action in the long run becomes an addiction and hence reduces sleep quality in the individual. The use of sedatives and alcohol as stimulants take adverse on the respiratory tissue present in the throat and nostrils. Hence blocking the pathway for breathing. 

Another major cause of sleep apnea that leads to its effect on sleep- snoring is hormonal disabilities. Hormonal conditions like hypothyroidism-defect of the thyroid gland, and acromegaly- excess growth hormone causes snoring. These hormonal defects increase swelling of the airway tissues and cause obesity. 

It is important to note that sleep apnea causes sleep deprivation due to sleep disturbance and interrupted sleep routine. Lack of sleep has far fetched health complications on the body- psychologically and physically. People suffering from sleep apnea- snoring have restricted oxygen in the body system; subjecting the body to cardiovascular diseases- stroke and cardiac arrest. 

MEDICAL APPROACH TO CURE SLEEP APNEA EFFECT-SNORING

Good news! Our medical team have been able to determine curative measures to reduce and cure snoring. The curative measures have been tested and carried out on series of patients for a long period. So far, the methods have proven effective in having prolonged effect in suppressing snoring. 

The major aim is to suppress factors that lead to sleep apnea, hence snoring. After the careful examination of patients, the myAir app has been implemented with measures to help individuals suffering from snoring. Most of these measures are personalized- as they are different depending on the patient and severity of the snoring condition. 

A common measure that can suppress the causes of sleep apnea is abstinence. Abstinence is a key factor that although takes a long time to be committed to but medically efficient. Patients should abstain from alcohol and sedative drugs. The use of alcohol and sedatives before bed must be strictly curbed to ensure prolonged and interrupted sleep. 

Also, as part of curative measures, it is advisable to sleep with the head upright. The myAir app can easily help a patient achieve this with the aid of wedges. This method helps keep the body in a position that allows proper breathing of air and exhalation. Preventing sleep apnea is the goal and can be achieved by this procedure. 

In addition, people suffering from obesity suffer from sleep apnea- snoring. This can be treated by burning excess fats in the patient. Obese patients should engage in regular less strenuous exercise routines to reduce their body mass; which aids proper respiration-breathing. The myAir app suggests series of exercises to carry out by individuals.

For simpler cases of obstructive sleep apnea, certain procedures can help eliminate sleep apnea- snoring. As implemented by our medical team on the myAir app. Users suffering from snoring can try out mandibular advancement devices and tongue-retaining devices. These devices are efficient in reducing snoring. 

The mandibular advancement devices adjust the mandible and tongue forward relative to the maxilla. The device helps increase the airway calibre while sleeping through the procedure. After the first use, the device can be adjusted relatively as needed for a more encouraging result. The myAir app ensures the proper procedure is done; to prevent side effects. 

The tongue-retaining devices are more painful to use compared to the mandibular advancement devices. Tongue-retaining devices suction the tongue and keep it in an upward position. This suction process is sometimes uncomfortable for the patients. It is advised to apply for oral methods that are convenient to the patient. 

Medically, it is crucial to bear in mind that the oral methods suggested above also have their effect on the teeth. If not properly fixed and negligence to prescription, the devices might cause misalignment of the teeth and excess salivation. Hence, to prevent this side effect and ensure proper snoring therapy, consult a dentist or follow the myAir app guides. 

CONCLUSION

Sleep apnea which leads to snoring is a medical condition that must be treated as early as noticed. It is advised to consult certified medical experts for a check-up and medical approach to curb the causes. Early treatment of sleep apnea help prevents future health complications like cardiac arrest and respiratory disorders. 

Snoring prevents prolonged and enjoyable sleep along with internal health complications. Failure to engage in proper sleep by individuals lead to severe psychological and medical issues. Proper sleep routines must be followed; also factors that cause sleep interruption like depression, alcohol and stress must be strictly suppressed. 

A medical approach to suppressing the cause of sleep apnea have been carefully enumerated above. Further research has shown that surgical procedures can be used to eliminate the causes of sleep apnea in the body. Factors that affect the airway- nasal polyps, hypertrophied tonsils and a deviated septum can be removed surgically. 

These surgical procedures cause a change in the structure of the palate and uvula. Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP)- a medical-surgical procedure used to eliminate excess tissue obstructing the air pathway from the throat. The UPPP surgical procedure also restructures the tissues in the throat to prevent obstruction. 

The surgical procedures serve a great role in obstructive sleep apnea cases that cannot be easily treated by abstinence and exercise. They are highly relevant in dealing with internal complications. UPPP procedure so far has been effective in preventing snoring even in obese patients and ever-busy ones. 

Before engaging in any surgical procedure or sleep apnea treatment procedure; the doctor must be allowed to conduct series of tests and ask questions. Results from the test and question will help determine the severity of the sleep apnea complication. Knowing the complication will aid the prescription of treatment measures. 

There are certain signs and symptoms to look out for as sleep apnea. Individuals that experience choking while sleeping, morning headache, body mass index of over 35kg/m and snoring need immediate medical care. Hypertensive patients must also pay more attention to their health as sleep apnea subjects them to sudden death. 

Sleep apnea is not a complicated or deadly medical condition. However, it must be treated as early as the symptoms are noticed. Delay in treatment leads to the growth of other health disorders which are then harmful to health. The myAir app is so far the best health innovation for proper sleep. 

All issues as regards sleep defects and disturbance have been resolved by our medical team. This aided the efficiency of the myAir app in providing a suitable method for quality sleep for everyone. The app is considerably affordable with a swift user interface; making it easier for all users to operate and benefit from its functions. 

Reference and Footnotes:

Original publication: Snoring

https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/neurologic-disorders/sleep-and-wakefulness-disorders/snoring 

By Richard J. Schwab.

Published in Jun 2020 at University of Pennsylvania, Division of Sleep Medicine

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